635 highly contaminated sites in Mexico
0 Comment(s) 12690 View(s) Dangerous Goods
The Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat) has a record of the existence of at least 635 highly contaminated sites in the country.
The list is headed by Veracruz, where until 2013 the company posted 69 Semarnat areas; Queretaro followed with 58; Guanajuato, with 48; Colima, with 38; the State of Mexico, 36, and Michoacan, 34.
Counted through the Information System of Contaminated Sites (Sisco), Semarnat, places environmental--called liabilities result from the release of hazardous materials or wastes that were not remedied in time to prevent the dispersion of pollutants.
Just in 2013, the 48 sites reported less Sisco. Of the 587, 55 percent originated from waste disposal areas, 13 percent in mining, 11 percent in industry and 3.4 percent related to oil and its derivatives.
Only nine sites have been remediated, 1.5 percent, according to the National Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO). And 400, according to Semarnat. Another 20 are in the process of remediation, 3.4 percent, and 95 percent has not been addressed (558 sites), reveals Conabio.
Abitia Arturo Rodriguez, deputy of Industrial Inspection of the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection (Profepa), explains that the low rate Contralínea remediation is because environmental liabilities incorporated by Semarnat to Sisco are sites that lack many of the times responsible visible. While sites detected by Profepa as environmental liabilities are remedied, he says, "at a rate of one hundred percent".
He reports that in the last four years, from 2011 to 2015, the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection has logged over 1000 100 environmental liabilities, most caused by the hydrocarbon industry.
He explains that as of March this year, the environmental liabilities generated by illegal taps on Pemex pipelines, and facilities sector, recorded the National Agency for Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection Sector Hydrocarbons created recently with the energy reform.
The 20 priority sites according to Semarnat
In an interview, Rodriguez Contralínea Abitia says that in order to promote the remediation of contaminated sites, Profepa and Semarnat working on the project 20 Priority Contaminated Sites.
Among those listed are: the Cerro Prieto geothermal plant in Baja California; and facilities of National Railways of Mexico, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz and Tlaxcala. This derived from an agreement signed by Profepa and parastatal in 1993 for environmental audits at its facilities at the national level.
It also includes the case of Central Chemistry in Guanajuato, manufacturer of basic chemicals (basic chromium sulphate, liquid and solid and sodium dichromate) which stored hazardous waste for years without the necessary security conditions.
According to Profepa, Central Chemical accumulated 340,000 tons of hazardous waste in and out of their facilities: one of about 300 thousand tons of toxic waste located within the premises of the company; and the second of 40 thousand tons were buried illegally in the right of way of railways, 1.5 kilometers from the plant.
In 2014, the Attorney temporarily closed the company Quimica Central de Mexico, SA de CV, located in San Francisco del Rincon, Guanajuato, considering that represented an imminent risk of ecological imbalance, damage and severe damage to the natural resources of the place and public health. After that action, Profepa filed a criminal complaint against the company for violating the temporary total closure imposed.
According to information from the Attorney General, on September 5, 2014 it was found that the closing seals were violated. "They were completely dismantled and removed from its premises plants synthetic resins and inorganic reduction. No closure seals placed Found ", reported inspectors. On the facts, Profepa filed a criminal complaint with the Federal Public Ministry, and in 2015 imposed a total closure to new company premises Chemistry Central Mexico.
The same day, Thursday September 3, 2015, the agency of the Semarnat gave officially notified and attended a ruling by the Second Collegiate Court in Administrative Matters of the Sixteenth Circuit, located in the state of Guanajuato, which He went to court action instituted by the company. This court ruling ordered to stop construction groundless agreement issued in May 2014 by the Office, which imposed as a security measure, the total temporary closure of the company, besides ordering various remedies designed to reduce the environmental risk It represents the improper disposal of more than 300 thousand tons of hazardous waste.
Because the judgment of Appellate Court recognized the constitutional validity of the order and the inspection report which led to the issuance of formal agreement in which was ordered as a security measure temporary total closure imposed by the Attorney to the chemical company Central, Profepa issued a new location in agreement that the closure is ordered.
The argument put forward by the Appellate Court to stop the deal site and its consistent legal consequences in the closure and ineffectual implementation was based on the lack of reasoning with respect to the deadlines imposed for the company would comply with the ordered corrective measures designed basically objective was focused on the removal and disposal of 300,000 tons of hazardous waste generated by the company.
Profepa maintains legal actions to respond to Central Chemical criminal complaint and lawsuit for environmental damage.
In addition to the hazardous waste must be removed and properly dispose, Central Chemical should remedy the contaminated site that has left after dismantling its facilities themselves that they will not operate.
To tell Profepa, are unacceptable proposals remediation submitted by the company, since pose deadlines decades only for removal of hazardous waste deposited in the courtyards of their facilities, a situation that he remarks, is unfeasible due to high risk they pose to the ecological balance and the health of the population.
He according unveiled The Economist, Central Mexico Chemical company prepares a lawsuit against the federal government for above 80 billion dollars in damage, because the closure would have led to bankruptcy.
The closure of the plant located on the border with the municipality of Leon caused the dismissal of 130 people who made up the staff of the plant.
Kirchner Jaime Plascencia, a lawyer representing the business group, explained the newspaper that the administrative complaint is filed in the Regional Court of Administrative Justice Sixteenth Circuit determined once the total damage caused by the chemical company. He noted that even before the closure had the resources to remove recognize what is hazardous waste, and from no longer close.
According to the latest available estimate of the Semarnat, approximately 46 percent of the national surface shows any sign of degradation. Also estimated that the daily generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) is close to 103 thousand tons. It addition to this, in Mexico do not have the capabilities to collect them completely or infrastructure needed to dispose properly.
Nationally, the total MSW sent for final disposal in 2012, 61 percent ended up in landfills and controlled sites, 16 percent was placed in open dumps, and the remaining 12 percent its final disposal site is ignored .
In the case of hazardous waste it is considered that in the 2004-2011 period, 1.92 million tons were generated.