China admits "inappropriate or illegal" storage causes explosions Tianjin
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The official report released by Xinhua was made by the Council of State (Government) after five months of investigations into the blasts, which left at least 165 dead, although previous death toll was 173 dead and over 700 wounded.
The explosions were caused by the combustion of hazardous materials stored "inadequate or illegally" in the terminal, indicated in the document.
The fire started in a container through spontaneous ignition of nitrocellulose due to vaporization of the wetting agent in water, and then expanded fire igniting other chemicals, such as ammonium nitrate.
Days after the accident, which occurred on August 12, 2015, the Chinese Ministry of Public Security confirmed that the terminal contained at least 3,000 tons of 40 hazardous chemicals, including 800 tons of ammonium nitrate, 700 sodium cyanide another 500 tons of potassium nitrate.
The report also indicates that the explosions caused a direct loss of 6,870 million yuan (about 1.100 billion US dollars, 982 million euros), and that Chinese authorities still monitor and control pollution levels in the area, which is fired after the event.
Its publication comes just over a week after the Chinese prosecutor announced investigations against 25 suspected of negligence and abuse of power by the explosions, and to report the arrest of 22 others involved in the case.
The figure is in any case much less than the more than hundred people that the official report calls today to sanction without even specify what kind of penalties.
Prosecutors had previously announced that among those arrested are Xuewei Yu, president of the owner of the store, the company Ruihai International Logisticis and his deputy, Dong Shexuan.
In addition, Yang Dongliang, former director of the Office of Work Safety, was expelled for corruption of the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC) and his case was transferred to the prosecution after the explosions.
To date, official investigations and some Chinese media publications determined that the port administration did not meet safety standards requiring storage of hazardous materials.
The tragedy revived criticism of the Chinese government for lax security measures in its industry, where accidents are frequent and sometimes the authorities allow companies violating regulations in exchange for benefits.
The latest episode occurred in the southern city of Shenzhen, where at least 73 people died last December 20 by an avalanche of debris in a landfill works that it had exceeded its storage capacity, a tragedy that has blamed the negligence of the owner and the local work safety authorities.