In the city are discarded each year 40 million batteries
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"In Argentina the consumption of batteries is about 10 units per person. As consumption levels in the capital are higher than the rest of the country, is on the order of 40 million units per year. Logged also an increase in per capita consumption, which doubled in less than a decade to more than the annual per capita kilogram, "says the job.
The main difficulty tackling a policy on the issue is legal. If batteries are not considered hazardous waste, not a mandatory circuit collection and disposal is generated.
More notes to understand this topic How is the legislation in other countries, "a public policy for hazardous waste in the city is needed. What exists is only now a sham. There are 35 reception sites throughout the district and delivery it is voluntary "said Elio Brailovsky, teacher and researcher on social and environmental issues, head of the observatory that will be dedicated to local reporting and diagnostics.
Batteries and (nonrechargeable) and secondary (rechargeable) primary batteries out may affect the environment if disposed incorrectly, because they contain chemicals with toxicity characteristics. "All batteries can be recycled to recover valuable materials and almost 90% of the rechargeable batteries is reusable if properly treated. In Argentina there are some operators who are exporting batteries for recycling outside the country," Greenpeace Argentina said.
Its components effects the batteries are mercury, lead, cadmium, manganese, lithium, zinc and nickel. These metals can cause neurological damage and some are classified as carcinogens. The biggest problem is not known what the effect of constant contact. "The laws make decisions based on a man 70kilos parameters, but the effects on children, babies and the elderly, for example, are unknown. Nor has studied the effect of bioaccumulation contact with several heavy metals," said Brailovsky.
Alejandro Love, defender of the port town, explained: "What we are doing is opening the debate for the issue to be discussed The idea is to propose a bill for the existence of legislation which protects neighbors This is the first of.. the new observatories we are opening. we know that there will be conflicting interests, but the important thing is that the problem arises. "
Porteña the Environmental Protection Agency (ARPA) responded that they are working on the issue. "We have formalized working groups with representatives cameras importing companies, in which it was agreed to work on the basis of an agreement of" shared responsibility "for all actors in the chain of consumption and disposal of these products assume a particular role, "said Juan Bautista Filgueira, president of the official agency.
And he continued:.. "In this sense, it is agreeing on a circuit reverse for the collection of batteries of all kinds used logistics This system uses the same circuit initial distribution For this, they are evaluating the best operational options for each retail trade of these products can get them once their useful life. "
The proposal Brailovsky goes a little further: "We think some reward should be generated, as a fee, to encourage the batteries are returned the responsibility of the producer, generated by the product, which is also one who possesses the necessary technology. to treat this waste. "
While the project is Buenos Aires, the authorities of the Ombudsman hope will serve to replicate nationwide. Two years ago, the law for the treatment of electrical and electronic waste lost parliamentary status in Congress after having obtained the sanction of the Senate. "According to a preliminary estimate, the batteries for home use entering the country exceed 45,000 tons per year. And the question of planned obsolescence, which makes it appears that, with increasing frequency, generated more and more of this waste. We need to do something, "said Barbara Rossen, undersecretary of Urban Rights, Public Space and Environment of the Ombudsman, within which the observatory works.
In that sense, Brailovsky discourages any political gathering informally batteries: "We must remember that the batteries are hazardous waste and such waste must be handled only by qualified personnel with appropriate protective clothing Never for children and the worst.. place to deposit hazardous waste is a school. " The expert referred to cases of educational projects that propose to put together this material and collect it at school because, in the absence who retire, can be transformed into a problem.