Seville has an emergency plan that is not updated since 2001, when it was approved by the full City Council. Of little or no use as a document that has not been revised even once in a period in which the city has undergone a huge transformation, with new transport, major modifications and even urban neighborhoods ups. The plan is, to this day, unenforceable if some catastrophe or actual emergency.

The local government announced two years ago that it had begun a process of reviewing the plan. The then Chief of Security, Demetrio Hair, chaired a coordination committee with staff and Civil Defence Forces and State Security to analyze the document and update it. According to municipal sources explained to this newspaper, work is now in its final phase and is now updating the mapping of the city. The intention of the local government is to be carried Plenum new emergency plan end of the year.

Meanwhile, the current document is 2001. That plan was prepared by the consulting Belt Ibérica, specializing in security studies, according to the law requiring large cities have such protocols. Sevilla was required by law since 1985 to officially have an emergency plan, which however was not commissioned until the spring of 1999. The document, after being approved by the Board, was approved by the full council in March 2001 .

The Sevilla of that year, which is described in the emergency plan, did not have a line that crossed the underground Metro from Aljarafe to Montequinto across Los Remedios, the Center Nervión and Amate. Also lacked a tram that connected to the Plaza Nueva Enramadilla. Neither of the route of this transport was pedestrian. In 2001 San Fernando Street, Constitution Avenue and Plaza Nueva spent every day thousands of cars and buses. Today these streets are full of lamps, pedestrians, cyclists and the only means of transport is the tram passes.

The historic center of Seville thirteen years ago was more accessible for vehicles and therefore had more escape routes for a possible emergency. Precisely the narrowness of the streets downtown and was the greatest risk factor in the plan of 2001. The Alameda de Hércules was not walking, not only had a small lane entry Calatrava as now. There was also a wider access to reach the center by Almirante Apodaca, where there is currently only one lane for both directions.

Nor were built mushrooms Plaza de la Encarnación and the square also came hundreds Tusam bus. O'Donnell remained open to traffic route connecting the squares of the Magdalene and Bell. Now there is a way to get from one point to another taking a huge detour. Outside the center, pedestrian streets were not as Asunción and San Jacinto, and had even built new neighborhoods of Sevilla Este.

An important way that might work would escape Historic Round, which in 2001 was still two-way and almost always collapsed. Other major avenues have been major changes in the reorganization of traffic. By then there were only six districts by the current lineup.

As for purely operational reasons, since 2001 have changed locations several police stations in the Local and National Police. The Chief's own municipal force occupies nearly four years ago in a building Tadpole away from the monastery, where the headquarters of thirteen years. I was not even created the Military Emergency Unit (UME), which was established in 2005.

The plan notes that the Santa Cruz is the most vulnerable area of ​​Seville by the narrowness of the streets. "The urban structure is characterized by its streets narrow and sinuous" says the document. Nevertheless, firefighters are still without adequate vehicles to enter through the narrow streets of the old Jewish quarter.

The plan details a list of 24 risk factors, divided into three levels: high, medium and low. Industrial explosions and fires are, according to the plan, the most likely scenarios for which should activate the emergency protocol. In Santa Cruz still no hydrants in the streets for Fire water can make them in case of fires. As high-risk factors also include the transport of dangerous goods by road, drought and floods.

In these four cases followed ten medium risk. They are: road traffic, heat wave, human concentrations, seismic, rail traffic, transport of dangerous goods by rail transport of dangerous goods by river traffic waterway traffic by air and freight dangerous by air.

At the end of the list includes ten low-level, most of them very improbable: problems of supply and services, soil contamination, health risks, water pollution, air pollution, severe storms, earth moving, winds, problems caused by snow and ice and fog.

"It is a document to cover his back"

The secretary general of Andalusia in Seville Firefighters Union, Juan Carlos Bernabe, reported that the emergency plan was obsolete in 2001 and has not made ​​a single drill since. "A document of this type should be to solve problems and not for politicians backs are covered. We understand that the plan is made and stored in a drawer, so that if something happens, take it out and say that here was a plan emergency "lamented Barnabas. Firefighters have not had access to this plan since it was approved in 2001, and continue with the same shortcomings of the past, now exacerbated by the passage of time. "Nobody has done anything since then, the city is at risk."