Apparent order in hazardous waste management
In the East side of the City skepticism was the main feature. After a process of explanation about the purpose of the survey, managers agreed to show their documentation, with appropriate stamps, which showed that the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), they periodically lift passes hazardous waste.
Burning oil is what is regularly (once a month) have, through a particular foreign company that the federal agency contracts and why they, as owners of the shop, pay a fee on certain occasions, which revealed no .
The mechanical questioned reported that when the company does not pass through the waste, they insist them by phone and give notice to the environmental authorities, in order to exert pressure because they are aware that if they get rid of them, they would be committing a crime.
One of the respondents explained that municipal authorities also get to do inspections of its workshops. "If we find hazardous waste at risk of being decommissioned, so we always have our papers in order."
On the Ninth South, in charge, like everyone, asked not to be included his name in the publication nor the title of the business, and said yes go waste, "is a company of Veracruz, from outside, because in Chiapas there who is responsible for it. "On average 6 polled workshops produce about 200 liters of oil burned, the same material that is stored in secure containers, waiting for the authorities to come for them.
By going to the Delegation of SEMARNAT in Chiapas, managers said the head of the department is that subject was not, but the website of the agency could find information.
On the website it was found that the General Law for the Prevention and Management of Waste it defines waste as:
Material or product whose owner or keeper discarded and found in solid or semi-solid, or a liquid or gas in containers or tanks, and may be capable of being valued or required subject to treatment or disposal.
And a hazardous waste:
Those who possess any of the characteristics of corrosivity, reactivity, explosivity, toxicity, flammability, or containing infectious agents that give them dangerous as well as packaging, containers, packaging and soils that have been contaminated when transferred to another site.
A waste is considered dangerous because it has inherent or intrinsic properties that confer the ability to cause corrosion reactions, explosions, toxic, fire or infectious diseases.
What determines that a hazardous waste to become a risk?
The waste that is dangerous not necessarily mean to cause harm to the environment, ecosystems or human health, because for this to happen it is necessary that is in an "available" form that allows it to diffuse into the environment by altering air quality , soil and water as well as coming in contact with aquatic and terrestrial organisms and humans.
The definitions are clear on page SEMARNAT and legislation seem satisfied as the tour made in the specific case of mechanical workshops.
Nevertheless, the electronic medium without Embargo.com unveiled a few weeks ago that Profepa found that in the states of Chiapas and Tabasco improperly 131,000 liters, 300 thousand kilograms and 24 metal drums of hazardous waste were handled.
Transportation companies implicated in irregularities such as lack of labeled and non-manifest submission, delivery and transportation, which is why he established four administrative procedures.
The location of toxic waste was recorded during "Operation Joint Verification and Monitoring in the Field of Road Transport Materials, Substances and Wastes" carters points in three municipalities of Reforma, Chiapas; and Central and Cunduacán, Tabasco.
The medium that the aim of the operation was to verify that the transport of such waste, including spent lube oil are and oily water, is in accordance with the law, since it should be transferred to specialized units such end.