Expired drugs should be placed in suitable containers
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This was announced by Rogelio González García, director of Operations of the National Waste Management System Packaging and Drug AC (Singrem), the conference "Importance of proper handling and disposal of medicines to be valid", developed the afternoon of Tuesday, October 13, at the Department of Library and Information Services (USBI) of the Universidad Veracruzana (UV) Xalapa region.
Their participation was part of the National Program for Prevention and Integral Waste Management, which involved the UV-through the University Coordination for Sustainability (CoSustenta) - The Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat) and the city of Xalapa, among other instances.
The rapporteur stressed that according to regulations and the General Law for the Prevention and Management of Waste, hazardous waste such requires a suitable arrangement, otherwise the repercussions are significant because they cause soil pollution, the environment and therefore severe damage to health.
Ideally, people regularly monitor the expiry of medicines they have at home or in their workplaces. If this is no longer in force, it is advisable to deposit drugs in containers authorized for that purpose.
"What we propose is to take them to the container, to channel and be destroyed in a specialized, verified and audited by Semarnat way, and to ensure that no environmental impact," said González García.
In Xalapa, for example, expired drugs can be channeled to deposits located at City Hall, the delegation Semarnat (http://bit.ly/1Lu1DOY), health institutions and some pharmacies. In other parts of the state and nation, it is suggested to ask in clinics and hospitals.
The representative of Singrem shared that the legislation establishes a management plan and strengthening the collection of waste, in order to minimize impacts to the health of the population and the environment.
He said that the country has no health infrastructure, example is that of the two thousand 400 municipalities, 88 have a landfill and only 11 are certified.
"Nor arrived at 15 plants wastewater treatment," he said in Veracruz delegate Semarnat, José Antonio González Azuara, and the holder UV CoSustenta Lazaro Rafael Sanchez Velazquez.
This represents that all that we are dumping raw sewage into recipients as bodies, and it is important that the chemicals and biochemicals by their nature are slow or no degradation.
González García, who graduated Industrial Chemist National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), said that the General Law for the Prevention and Management of Waste issued by Semarnat, is a standard that establishes very broad criteria for control or proper waste management and is based on three important pillars: the waste do not exist, we create and assign. However, it is also the responsibility of the three levels of government.
In the presence of municipal, state and federal authorities, he explained that Singrem is a civil association that emerged in 2008 at the initiative of the National Chamber of the Pharmaceutical Industry (Canifarma) to address responsibly the problems generated by drugs that expire in homes Mexicans.
That is, the pharmaceutical industry is required to have a plan of management of hazardous waste generated within the commercial and industrial activities, as well as those who are retired by trade or discarded by consumers.
In this sense, in 24 states of the country they have been installed four thousand 280 containers for collecting this waste; and from 2013 to date, they have collected about 44 thousand 406 kilograms.
Only during 2014, in the state of Veracruz it was possible to collect, with the support of different sectors, a total of 29 thousand 170 kilos of such waste for proper disposal, while so far 2015 has been met around 12,000 kilos.
He said the waste is transported to its final destruction by environmental manager with a service provider qualified for this purpose: cement kilns and medical treatment.
Later, he is issued a certificate of final destruction, which is sent to Singrem, which covers the end of the collection started from the same cycle.
"In many cases a drug may have not expired, but we gave management maybe we promote spoilage."
He said this is because people tend to keep them in the bathroom, which is the wettest part, in a hot or very bright place.
He also reiterated that periodically the expiry of medicines is verified.